Skate 3 sets the industry standard for simulating massive quantum-scale inconsistencies in the laws of physics.
this is the funniest fucking thing I’ve ever watched
it’s like a game made entirely of Skyrim glitches
pictured in this video: an illustration of my thought processes
I bought FE:A like a week ago and finished it today and I regret everything :^) here’s some Manaketes to dull the Lucina pain
The guy in the sleeping bag wiggling around
The two people in the front wearing one shirt.
Are we really not going to talk about the guy in the back who is attached to another guy’s back while spinning?
WHAT ABOUT THE GUY THAT FALLS OUT OF THE WINDOW
WHY IS IT BACK
no you guys don’t understand, not only is this the first harlem shake out there… these guys aren’t normal military. This is “Telemarkbataljonen”. They’re pretty much the Norwegian equivalent of the fucking black ops. My brother knows a guy in this battalion, and when asked what they do there, he looked my brother dead in the eye and said “That is strictly confidential”. These guys are hard as shit, which makes this even more hilarious
Butterflies and most other adult insects have a pair of spherical compound eyes, each comprising of up to 17000 “ommatidia” - individual light receptors with their own microscopic lenses. These work in unison to produce a mosaic view of the world around them.
Each ommatidium consists of a cornea and cone, which together function as a lens. Emerging from the back of each cone is a rod down which light travels to reach a cluster of 2-6 sensory cells, each of which is sensitive to a particular part of the visual spectrum.
The eyes of Skippers are different from those of other butterflies. They have a space between the cones and rods which allows light from each ommatidium to spill into neighbouring rods, effectively increasing their resolution and sensitivity. As a result Skippers can fly very accurately from one spot to another. This different type of eye structure is one of the reasons why taxonomists place them in a different super-family to all other butterflies - the Hesperioidea.
The laws of optics show that it’s likely that everything from about one centimetre to 200 metres will be rendered in sharp focus by butterflies, as their ommatidia are of very short focal length.
The butterfly’s brain can instantly detect whether the image formed by each ommatidium is dark or light. If a predator approaches or if the butterfly moves its head a tiny fraction, the amount of light hitting each receptor changes instantly because of it’s very narrow angle of view. This sensitivity to changes in its surroundings means that a butterfly is extremely efficient at detecting movement and at gauging the distance of an approaching predator, enabling it to take immediate evasive action. The sensitivity to changes in their visual field, combined with a high flicker-vision frequency of about 150 images per second, may also help butterflies to piece together the thousands of elements of the mosaic image produced by the compound eye. It is not known whether butterflies and other insects are able to merge these mosaic elements into a single image.
Vertebrates need to move their eyes and heads to scan their surroundings, but the compound eyes of butterflies provide them with almost 360 degree vision. They can see everything at the same time, so they can accurately probe into flowers in front of them, and at the same time devote equal concentration to detecting threats from behind.
Butterflies can see polarized light, enabling them to determine the position of the sun, even when it is partly hidden by cloud. This lets them relate their position to the sun and use it as a compass when moving around their habitats.
Humans and birds perceive colours in a different way to butterflies, as the latter are ultra-sensitive to UV as well as visible radiation. Flowers have ultra-violet patterns that are invisible to humans but which can be recognised by butterflies. These UV patterns guide butterflies to the source of nectar in much the same way that runway lights guide an aircraft in to land.
Most biologists agree that visible colours and patterns are NOT used for butterfly-to-butterfly communication. Their primary function is to convey survival-related signals to birds ( i.e. camouflage, aposematic colour, mimetic patterns and so on).
So even though butterflies can communicate with each other visually, they do so using a “private channel” of ultraviolet patterns which are overlaid on the visible patterns, and cannot be seen by vertebrates. They enable butterflies to recognise conspecifics during the initial “approach” phase of mate location. It has been proven by experimentation that males which have had their UV-reflecting patterns obliterated suffer a significant drop in mate-location success.
As well as being sensitive to UV patterns, butterflies are also alert to the iridescent colours produced when sunlight refracts from the wings of other butterflies. Many species have also evolved selective colour response, i.e. they are “tuned” to react to colours that are dominant in the wing patterns of their own species.
TEXT SOURCE: Butterfly Anatomy
IMAGES: by Sinobug (itchydogimages) on Flickr.
Beijing and Pu’er, Yunnan, China
See more Chinese butterflies on my Flickr site HERE…..